Moksha: Liberation, the fourth goal of life

“Of all the instruments of emancipation, Love is supreme.” So wrote the 9th century yogic sage, Shankaracharya who spread the philosophy of Advaita Vedanta: the doctrine of unity. Moksha is the sanskrit word for the fourth goal of life, indicating emancipation, which in the yogic sense may be defined as freedom from duality, or from […]

The Four Goals of Life : Kama

We have been contemplating the four goals life, the “chatur purusharthas” for the past few weeks (they are Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha). Yoga is said to bring about fruition of these goals, and today we have come to “Kama,” which means sense pleasure, especially sexual and erotic pleasure. This word Kama is familiar to […]

The Four Goals of life: Artha: wealth and beauty

We’ve been contemplating the “chatur purusharthas” recently. They are the four goals of life in the yogic canon: Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. Yoga is said to produce the accomplishment of these goals. So far we have explored Dharma, which is a deep subject pertaining to doing what is right and also doing actions that are right for your particular nature, comparable to the concept of “right livelihood.” Today we are exploring “Artha” the second goal of life, which translates as wealth, opulence, and beauty. I believe our word “art” is derived from this common root.

The Four Goals of Life: Dharma

You will notice that the holy books of Yoga, such as the Upanishads, the Gita or the Yoga Sutra, are very big on outlining certain intentions, specific goals: they are praising, describing and instructing on how to attain the goal of Self realization, and how to live an awakened life.